Wisdom teeth are known as the third molars and become present and usually grow between the ages of 17 and 21. On average a normal person’s mouth will hold the 28 of the 32 teeth that the human mouth is genetically configured to have. This would not be a a major problem but the third molars are the last to take shape and there is often little room in your mouth to accommodate for their size.
Some people may be unaffected by the new molars as they are coming in while many others may need to have them removed. The reason they are often removed is because they usually cause problems when they are growing in. This is especially true when they grow out in an irregular position such as growing tilted or sideways.
Other problems include them being trapped just below the gum line due to lack of space as well as being prone to getting infections. This occurs when plaque and other kinds of bacteria form in or around them. When the third molars begin to come in, food is usually stuck between them or around them after eating. This can lead to further problems because the third molars have grown so far back into the mouth that proper brushing may not be possible. This condition is known as pericoronitus and can also lead to misalignment of the jaws due to the teeth changing when a person bites down.
The process of removing your wisdom teeth can be quite a troublesome, so it is best to get them removed when you are younger. This is mainly because when you are younger the roots in your tooth canals have not become fully developed yet which allows them to be removed a lot easier.When you are older the canals will become hard and may complicate the removal process.
Another reason is that when you are younger your body heals faster than when you are older. When you are going in for a routine checkup, a doctor or dentist will use an X-ray called an orthopantomogram. The results from the X-ray will tell the doctors if the ingrown molars need to be removed or not.
This will prevent some of the future complications that come along with them. When seeing a dentist you may also be required to see an oral surgeon because of the difficulty of removing the molars due to their location within the mouth. Patients are sedated during this process so the oral surgeon can begin the removal procedure. The entire area around the tooth is numbed with a local anesthetic to ease the pain.
If there is any tissue or bone found covering the wisdom tooth it will be removed with the proper surgical equipment. The surgeon will then loosen up the molars with the help of extraction equipment from its connection tissue within the tooth socket.
Once the wisdom teeth have become loose enough, the doctor or surgeon will then remove it with dental forceps. Depending upon how much tissue is scarred within the mouth, the surgeon may also apply stitches to help the healing process go faster.
Related articles you may find interesting: